May 30, 2024

Poland in the Single Market: Benefits, Barriers, and Reforms

Poland’s per capita GDP rose significantly after joining the European Union, reaching almost 80 per cent of the EU average by 2022, fuelled by increased trade, investment, and labour market opportunities. However, regulatory barriers, enforcement deficits, and incomplete service market integration continue to pose challenges.
August 24, 2019

Two Cheers for the EU-Mercosur Agreement

The new EU-Mercosur Agreement only superficially rejects protectionism. As much as it liberalises trade, it also protects European defensive interests and extends the EU’s regulatory influence, to the detriment of Mercosur producers and European consumers.
January 1, 2019

Commission Consulting on Move to Qualified Majority Voting (QMV) on Taxation

On 20th December, the European Commission launched a (relatively brief) consultation on moving from unanimity to qualified majority voting (QMV) in the Council on certain tax issues. The public consultation closes on the 17th January, with “indicative planning” to be carried out this quarter.
January 1, 2019

Free to Work: Employment Regulations in 2019

The Employment Flexibility Index of LFMI quantifies a great divergence in employment regulations between EU countries. Of the 41 countries included in the index (EU and OECD countries), Denmark and the United States were ranked as having the most flexible labour regulations, while France and Luxembourg were ranked last.
December 1, 2018

Credit Day: Improving Appetite for Fiscal Responsibility

13 December marks Credit Day across the European Union. This is the day when, on average, European countries’ central governments exhaust their annual tax revenue and start relying on borrowed money to fulfil their functions – 18 days before the end of the year. According to a study by the Institut Économique Molinari, this is 7 days later than last year, which is a substantial improvement.
December 1, 2018

Paranoid Android. Everything the Commission Got Wrong in Its War on Google

The Commission’s decision to fine Google for unfair practice was based on a misunderstanding of the Android ecosystem and a mistaken definition of the relevant market. This allowed Google’s activities to be wrongly cast as those of a monopoly abusing its position.
October 1, 2018

Regulating the New Media Economy

The new media economy operates differently from other industries when it comes to regulation. The marginal costs of technological giants mean that their interactions are distinct from other industries where governments try to prevent cartels from occurring.
July 1, 2018

The Impact of the Energy Taxation Directive

Instead of comprehensive re-examination of the Energy Taxation Directive, the European Commission is examining whether ETD should continue the exemptions and lower tariffs for specific products.