January 31, 2023

Consolidated Tape: a Radical Change to European Stock Exchanges

European stock exchanges are keenly waiting on the details about the implementation of a consolidated ticker tape. A stock exchange’s ticker tape reports the most recent price of a stock based on its last trade along with the volume.
May 28, 2019

Not Everyone’s Cup of Tea

MiFID II, together with MiFIR (Regulation (EU) No 600/2014), was intended to create a more transparent, competitive and integrated financial market in the EU by reducing trading outside regulated markets, increasing protection for investors and consumers, and improving financial stability.
September 29, 2017

Perspectives for Poland

In the last 25 years, the Polish economy has grown faster than the economies of Western Europe and the US, which enabled a significant reduction of the distance separating it from richer countries. Annual GDP growth in the years 1992–2011 was 4.1%, which was the best result among those Central and Eastern European countries that started to transform at the same time as Poland.